Eun Chang Choi



I, 최은창 崔恩彰, am a Korean legal scholar focused on the interplay of emerging technologies, data, and intellectual property. I have been serving on the editorial board of MIT Technology Review Korea and as a Non-Resident Fellow of the Free Internet Project at Illinois Institute of Technology. My research examines the legal, policy issues associated with a governance framework for algorithmic accountability, data privacy and technology policy. Recently, I have carried out consultancy work for Korea Communications Commission(KCC) , Korea Information Society Development Institute(KISDI), and Science and Technology Policy Institute(STEPI). I have contributed a chapter covering bias and accountability of algorithms in a research report "ICT-based Solutions to Social Problems in Intelligent Information Society". I sit on the editorial board of AI Policy Exchange and a member of 'AI Policy Forum', a part of Korean Associaton for AI Law (KAAIL).

Previously, I was a Fellow of Information Society Project, Yale Law School for which I served as a coordinator of Harvard-Yale-MIT Cyberscholar Working Group. I also have held an appointment as a Visiting Scholar of Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, housed in the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford Law Faculty. I was an Invited Expert of W3C Privacy Interest Group and a Fellow of STEPI, a global think tank in the area of science and technology where I conducted research on regulatory science for public health. From 2018, I have been participating in Law Committee of IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, and its working groups 'Algorithmic Bias'(P7003)',and 'Data Privacy Process'(P7002). Since 2018, I have been invited to the Expert Council of Robot Ethics at Korea Institute for Robot Industry Advancement. I also serve on the Technical Committee on Robot Ethics in IEEE Robotcs & Automation Society.

My teaching experience includes 'Global Information Society and Policy' course at Korea University Graduate School of International Studies and 'The Ethics in Information Systems' at Ewha Womans University Graduate School of Business, 'Media and Politics' at Konkuk University and 'International Intellectual Property Law' at Myongii University, Seoul. In 2019, I have taught about a cooperative approach of 'AI Governance' at Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy(APIGA) organized by Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and lectured 'AI: Ethics, Security, Personal Data and Governance' at ITU Centres of Excellence Network for Asia-Pacific Region in Bangkok. Furthermore, I was also invited to discuss on data privacy in smart city mobility at a workshop 'Data Governance for Smarter City Mobility' organized by Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG) in Berlin. On the top of that, I delivered my speech on'IP Address and Cross-border Cooperation for Resolving the Cyber Attribution Challenge'at Asia Pacific Network Information Centre Conference in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

From 2017, I've been working for Korea Internet Governance Alliance(KIGA) representing South Korea's Internet Community at National Regional Initiatives(NRI) moderated by the IGF Secretariat of United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs , and have been involved in the Best Practice Forum(BPF) IoT-Big Data-AI. At annual Korea Internet Governance Forum(Kr-IGF), I organized workshops on ethical framework for AI society, cybersecurity policy, and data governance. I have been elected as a member of Multi-stakeholder Steering Group of Asia Pacific Regional IGF . In 2010, with volunteers and public interest lawyers, I have launched the Global Poverty Public Awareness Project(GP3Korea, www.povertyinfo.org) that generates openly accessible knowledge about issues (like climate change, access to medicine, corruption) affecting global poverty, and how open data analytics facilitate sustainable global development. Povertyinfo.org is a digital media project for humanitarian ends that has been inspired by Access to Knowledge initiative, information commons, and Civic Media at MIT. The public interest project has adopted MediaWiki-based content management, and decentralized participant-driven working method. I received my law degree from Yale Law School, serving a editor of Yale Journal of Law & Technology, and Yale Journal on Regulation. I also graduated from Seoul National University Graduate School of Law, and hold certificates from Duke-Geneva Institute in Transnational Law at Université de Genève, Switzerland, and from Intetnet Law Program at Berkman Klein Center Internet & Society, Harvard Law School.

PUBLICATIONS (BOOKS, CHAPTERS)
"The History of Chatbots and Policy: Rethinking Eliza, GPT-3, Luda Lee" AI Outlook Vol.4 KISDI (April 2021)
▪ Book Chapter, "Technology Risk" The Key Concepts of Science Technology and Society , Publisher 社會評論(forthcoming, 2021)
▪ Book Automated Algorithms as a New Institution: Socio-Legal Perspective on AI, Publisher Hanul MPlus (forthcoming, 2021)
▪ "The Difference of AI Risk Perception and Governance Modes" in Ethics and Governance of AI , Publisher Pakyoungsa(博英社)(2021)
▪ Book Translation Memes in Digital Culture, Publisher MIT Press, Hanul MPlus (2021)
▪ "Gig Workers in the Shade of Platform Economy", Book Review: Humans as a Service , by Jeremias Prassl (Oxford Univ Press)
The Archaeology of Disinformation: How Fake News/Propaganda Manipulated Public Opinion from Ancient Rome to Social Media , Publisher 東亞細亞(2020). (Acclaims : PD Journal , Yes 24, SBS Radio , Magazine Chaeg(冊), Digital Times, Maeil Business News, Asia Economy, Dong-a Ilbo, Seoul Shinmun, Joennam Ilbo, Jeonbuk Ilbo, Segya Ilbo, Kyosu Shinmun , Kyoungnam News, Seoul Economic Daily, Ulsan Jeil, Hankook Ilbo 1 , Hankook Ilbo 2 , Kwangju Ilbo, Univ Press , Financial News, News 1, Naeil News, Hellmouth )
"The Truth that the History of Fake News Suggests Today" Biweekly 企劃會議 Vol 518 (Aug. 2020)
The Layered Model of Internet Regulation, Publisher Communication Books (2015)
▪ Policy Report "The Ethical Considerations of AI and Policy Response in the Age of Fourth Industrial Revolution" submitted to The Presidential Committee on the Fourth Industrial Revolution of Korea (Oct. 2018)
▪ "Solving the AI Accountability Gap" in Co-authored Artificial Intelligence and Power Shift, Publisher Samin(三仁) (2018)
"California's Regulation on Flavored Tobacco Products : Menthol", Korea Health Promotion Institute (2018)
"Algorithm Governance" Future Horizon, Science and Technology Policy Institute (2017)
▪ Co-authored Book Digital Copyright and Technology Terminology , Korea Copyright Commission (2016)
▪ "Legal and Ethical Controversies of AI" Future Horizon, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Spring 2016
▪ Book Translation The Internet of Things,, Publisher MIT Press (2015), Hanul MPlus (2017)
▪ Book Translation The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom written by Prof. Yochai Benkler Yale University Press (2005), Communication Books Korea(2015) (Acclaims: Hankuk Economy , Hankook Ilbo , Slow News 1 , Slow News 2, Bloter , Veritas , Media Today, Digital Today , Opinion News, Jinbo Net, OhmyNews)
The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom (Book Excerpts in Korean)

CONFERENCES, TALKS, PRESENTATIONS
▪ Author Talk "How False Information Spreads?" at 'Factcheck Week' by KCC and Community Media Foundation(April 2021)
▪ Experts Session, Asian Pacific Table-top Exercise on the Human Element in Autonomous Weapon Systems, UNDIR (25 Feb. 2021)
'Ethical AI: A New Corporate Social Responsibility', AI Summit 2020, Seoul COEX Mall, DMK , Seoul (Dec.2020)
▪ 'Blockchain in Media Value Chain and Copyrights Management', Cybercommunication Academic Society, Seoul (Nov.2020)
'The Role of the Internet in Emergency Situations', The United Nations Internet Governance Forum, (Nov.2020)
'Blockchain for Humanity and Development Agenda', The 46th Development Cooperation Forum of KOICA , Video (Oct. 2020)
▪ 'Scientific Risk and Scientific Uncertainty' Technology and Society Forum, Seoul National University (Sept. 2020)
'Global Landscape of AI Ethics Principles: Soft Law or Hard Law?', Korea Internet Governance Forum (Aug. 2020)
▪ 'South Korea's Tracing for COVID-19 Contacts: A Balance between Public Health and Privacy', Slides , Video (Aug. 2020)
'Business Ethics for Ethical AI: The Function of AI Ethics Board' Korea Academy of Business Ethics Conference (Aug.2020)
▪ 'Medical Misinformation and Scientific Uncertainty: COVID19, Ebola and HIV/AIDS', Korea Society of Internet Ethics Conference
'Internet Memes Warfare: Political Propaganda, Commercials and Copyright' Cybercommunication Academic Society, Seoul (2020)
▪ 'How Unscientific Myths Obstruct Health Care during Pandemics in History', Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei Univ (2020)
▪ 'The Risk Perception of AI', AI Policy Forum, Microsoft Korea (Oct. 2019)
"The Making of South Korea's Robot Ethics Charter", International Conference on Robot Ethics and Standards, London, UK (2019)
'Data Governance for Smarter City Mobility' The United Nations Internet Governance Forum, Berlin, Germany (2019)
'National Collaborative Session on Cybersecurity', The United Nations Internet Governance Forum, Berlin, Germany (2019)
'AI: Ethics, Security, Personal Data and Governance' ITU Academy, Centres of Excellence, Bangkok, Thailand (2019)
'IP Address and Cross-border Cooperation for Resolving the Cyber Attribution Challenges', APNIC 48, Chiang Mai, Thailand (2019)
'Build Concept on AI Society for Good: Quest for Inclusion', 2019 Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum, Vladivostok, Russia
'Coping with Misinformation in an Deluge of Information', 2019 Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum, Vladivostok, Russia
▪ 'AI Governance'in TECH & TALK Conference, Korea Policy Center for 4th Industrial Revolution, KAIST, Seoul (May. 2019)
'AI Ethics & Governance: Multistakeholder Approach', 2019 Korea Internet Governance Forum, Seoul, South Korea
▪ 'AI Ethics, Policies & Governance: A Global Overview' The Korea Society of Internet Ethics Conference (Nov.2018)
'Fake News Workshop', The UN Internet Governance Forum at UNESCO, Paris, France (Nov.2018)
▪ 'Artificial Intelligence Applications for Global Public Health' National Medical Center(NMC), Seoul, South Korea (Oct. 2018)
'Will You Trust Artificial Intelligence's Decision?' AI Lecture Series, Institution for Digital Human Rights, Seoul (Dec.2017)
'Can Blockchain Technology Help the Unbanked around the World?: Financial Inclusion' Povertyinfo.org's blog (Oct.2017)
'Cybersecurity in The Age of Internet of Things' Seoul National University (Jan. 2017)
'Analysis on Stanford AI 100 Report' Institute of International Studies, Seoul National University (Nov. 2016)
'Net Neuteality in the new ICT Ecosystem :Zero-rating' OpenNet Korea, Seoul (2015)

COLUMNS, IN THE NEWS, INTERVIEWS
"The Age of Disinformation and Misinformation" Danbi News (April, 2021)
▪ "Why AI Chatbots Fail ?:The Ethics of Lee Luda's Discriminatory Remarks", I, II, MIT Technology Review Korea (March, 2021)
▪ Contributed article "Personal Data Class Actions in Europe", ZDNet Korea (Dec.1, 2020)
'S.Korea's COVID 19 Contact Tracing, Legality, and Privacy Risk' Interview with Sciences Po, France (Nov.2020)
▪ 'Autonomous Systems, Robustness, and Data' Interview with United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (Nov.2020)
'AI Policy report released by AI Governance Forum at National Assembly of Korea', AI Times (Nov.7.2020)
'Blockchain for Anti-Corruption and Financial Inclusion for the Unbanked' Maekyung Business News (Oct. 2020)
'COVID-19 Contact Tracing and Data Retention' MediaUs (Sept.2020)
'South Korea's Scope of Contact Tracing for COVID-19 and Social Stigma' MediaToday (Aug.2020)
'Will Algorithms Make Safe Decisions in Foreign Affairs?' AI Lab, DiploFoundation, Geneva, Switzerland (Dec 17, 2019)
'Fake News Session', 2018 Internet Governance Forum report, Geneva Internet Platform (Nov.2018)
'AI becomes smarter…Is it a simple machine or artificial person?', Dong-a Ilbo (Feb.2017)
'Blockchain Platform, Hacking, and Security' Boan Cybersecurity News (Sept.2017)
'Blockchain Paradigm:Information Security and Governance' ZDNet Korea (Sept.2017)
'The Economics of Zero-rating: Why Free Mobile Data Matters?', Startup Alliance, Seoul (Aug. 2015)

ACADEMIC INTERESTS
Law, Science and Technology ; Law in Context of Science Technology and Society(STS)
Blockchain Law & Policy (Digital Assets; Digital Media)
AI: Ethical and Legal Challenges (Governing AI), Accountability for Algorithm
Big Data Governance, Data Privacy, Data Ownership
AI for Business Organizations and Business Ethics
The Power of Digital Platform, Platform Liability, Algorithmic Activism
Automated Content Moderation, Algorithmic Fair Use (Copyright)
Patenting Nature; Gene Patents; Commodification of Bio-Information
Pharmaceutical Patents and Global Health Inequality: Access to Medicines
The Economic History of Intellectual Property and Technology

CONTACT
eunchang.choi < at > aya.yale.edu ; eunchang.choi < at > technologyreview.kr