Eun Chang Choi

I, 최은창 崔恩彰, am a Korean legal scholar focused on information law, a writer, a Non-Resident Fellow of the Free Internet Project at Illinois Institute of Technology, and sit on the editorial board of AI Policy Exchange . Initially, my research tackled legal issues with intellectual property, and later it gradually expanded to the normative dimensions of emerging technologies,Internet policy, and digital media. Currently I investigate the legal, policy issues associated with a governance framework for algorithmic accountability, data privacy and digital platform. I have carried out consultancy work for Korea Communications Commission(KCC) , Korea Information Society Development Institute(KISDI), Science and Technology Policy Institute(STEPI). I have contributed a chapter covering bias and accountability of algorithms in a research report "ICT-based Solutions to Social Problems in Intelligent Information Society" and participated in 'AI Policy Forum', a part of Korean Associaton for Artificial Intelligence & Law where I presented a paper titiled "Risk Perception of AI and Modality of Governance". More importantly I co-authored a policy report on "The Ethical Considerations of AI and Policy Response in the Age of Fourth Industrial Revolution" submitted to the Presidential Committee on the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Since 2018, I have been invited to the Expert Council of Robot Ethics of Korea Institute for Robot Industry Advancement.

Previously, I was a Fellow of Information Society Project, Yale Law School for which I served as a coordinator of Harvard-Yale-MIT Cyberscholar Working Group. I also have held an appointment as a Visiting Scholar of Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, housed in the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford Law Faculty. I was an Invited Expert of W3C Privacy Interest Group and a Fellow of STEPI, a global think tank in the area of science and technology where I conducted research on regulatory science for public health. From 2018, I have been participating in Law Committee of IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, and its working groups 'Algorithmic Bias'(P7003)',and 'Data Privacy Process'(P7002). My teaching experience includes 'Global Information Society and Policy' course at Korea University Graduate School of International Studies and 'The Ethics in Information Systems' at Ewha Womans University Graduate School of Business, 'Media and Politics' at Konkuk University and 'International Intellectual Property Law' at Myongii University, Seoul. In 2019, I have taught about a cooperative approach of 'AI Governance' at Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy(APIGA) organized by Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and lectured 'AI: Ethics, Security, Personal Data and Governance' at ITU Centres of Excellence Network for Asia-Pacific Region in Bangkok. Furthermore, I was also invited to discuss on data privacy in smart city mobility at a workshop 'Data Governance for Smarter City Mobility' organized by Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG) in Berlin. On the top of that, I delivered my speech on'IP Address and Cross-border Cooperation for Resolving the Cyber Attribution Challenge'at Asia Pacific Network Information Centre Conference in Chiang Mai, Thailand,

From 2017, I have been working for Korea Internet Governance Alliance(KIGA) representing South Korea's Internet Community at National Regional Initiatives(NRI) moderated by the IGF Secretariat of United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs , and have been involved in the Best Practice Forum(BPF) IoT-Big Data-AI. At annual Korea Internet Governance Forum(Kr-IGF), I organized workshops on ethical framework for AI society, cybersecurity policy, and data governance. I have been elected as a member of Multi-stakeholder Steering Group of Asia Pacific Regional IGF . In 2010, with volunteers and public interest lawyers, I have launched the Global Poverty Public Awareness Project(GP3Korea, that generates openly accessible knowledge about issues (like climate change, access to medicine, corruption) affecting global poverty, and how open data analytics facilitate sustainable global development. is a digital media project for humanitarian ends that has been inspired by Access to Knowledge initiative, information commons, and Center for Civic Media at MIT. The public interest project has adopted MediaWiki-based content management, and decentralized participant-driven working method. I earned law degrees from Yale Law School, and Seoul National University Graduate School of Law, and certificates from Duke-Geneva Institute in Transnational Law at Université de Genève, Switzerland, and from Intetnet Law Program at Berkman Klein Center Internet & Society, Harvard Law School.

The Automated Algorithm as Institution : A Socio-Legal Perspective on AI (forthcoming, 2021)
▪ "Rethinking the shade in the platform economy", Book Review: Humans as a Service , authored by Jeremias Prassl (Oxford Univ Press)
The Archaeology of Disinformation from Rome to the Era of Social Media , Publisher Dong Asia (東亞細亞)(2020). (Acclaims/Reviews : PD Journal , SBS Radio, Magazine Chaeg(冊), Digital Times, Maeil Business News, Asia Economy, Dong-a Ilbo, Seoul Shinmun, Joennam Ilbo, Jeonbuk Ilbo, Segya Ilbo, Kyosu Shinmun , Kyoungnam News, Seoul Economic Daily, Ulsan Jeil, Hankook Ilbo 1 , Hankook Ilbo 2 , Kwangju Ilbo, Uni Press , Financial News, News 1, Naeil News, Hellmouth )
"The Truth that the History of Fake News Suggests Today" Biweekly 기획회의(企劃會議) Vol 518 (Aug. 2020)
The Layered Model of Internet Regulation, Publisher Communication Books (2015)
▪ "Solving the AI Accountability Gap" in Co-authored Artificial Intelligence and Power Shift, Publisher Samin(三仁) (2018)
▪ "Algorithm Governance" Future Horizon, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Summer 2017
▪ Co-authored Digital Copyright Terminology , Korea Copyright Commission(2016)
▪ "Legal and Ethical Controversies of AI" Future Horizon, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Spring 2016
▪ Book Translation Memes in Digital Culture, Publisher MIT Press (2013), Hanul MPlus (2020)
▪ Book Translation The Internet of Things, Publisher MIT Press (2015), Hanul MPlus (2017)
▪ Book Translation The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom written by Prof. Yochai Benkler Yale Univ Press (2005), Communication Books (2015) (Acclaims/ Reviews: Hankuk Economy , Hankook Ilbo , Slow News 1 , Slow News 2, Bloter , Veritas , Media Today, Digital Today , Opinion News, Jinbo Net, OhmyNews )
The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom (Book Excerpts in Korean)

▪ 'Scientific Risk and Scientific Uncertainty' Technology and Society Forum, Seoul (Sept 24, 2020)
▪ 'The Global Landscape of AI Ethics Principles: Between Soft Law and Hard Law' Tutorial, Korea Internet Governance Forum (2020)
'Tracking for COVID-19:Balancing Public Health & Data Privacy', Korea Internet Governance Forum (2020)
▪ 'Business Ethics for Ethical AI: The Function of AI Ethics Board' The Korea Academy of Business Ethics Conference (Aug.2020)
'Medical Misinformation and Scientific Uncertainty: COVID19, Ebola, and HIV/AIDS' Korea Society of Internet Ethics
'Internet Memes Warfare: Political Propaganda, Commercials and Copyrighs' Cybercommunication Academic Society, Seoul (2020)
▪ 'How Myths & Misinformation about COVID 19 Obstruct Public Health Care', Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei Univ (2020)
▪ 'The Risk Perception of AI', AI Policy Forum, Korean Associaton for Artificial Intelligence & Law (Oct. 2019)
'Will Algorithms Make Safe Decisions in Foreign Affairs?' AI Lab, DiploFoundation, Geneva, Switzerland
"The Making of South Korea's Robot Ethics Charter", International Conference on Robot Ethics and Standards, London, UK (2019)
'Data Governance for Smarter City Mobility' UN IGF, Berlin, Germany (2019)
'National Collaborative Session on Cybersecurity', UN Internet Governance Forum, Berlin, Germany (2019)
'AI: Ethics, Security, Personal Data and Governance' ITU Academy, Centres of Excellence, Bangkok, Thailand (2019)
'IP Address and Cross-border Cooperation for Resolving the Cyber Attribution Challenges', APNIC 48, Chiang Mai, Thailand (2019)
'Build Concept on AI Society for Good: Quest for Inclusion', 2019 Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum, Vladivostok, Russia
'Coping with Misinformation in an Deluge of Information', 2019 Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum, Vladivostok, Russia
▪ 'AI Governance'in TECH & TALK Conference KAIST, Seoul (May. 2019)
'AI Application and Ethics & Governance: Multistakeholder Approach', 2019 Korea Internet Governance Forum, Seoul, South Korea
▪ 'AI Ethics, Policies & Governance: A Global Overview' Korea Society of Internet Ethics (Nov.2018)
▪ 'Artificial Intelligence Applications for Global Public Health' National Medical Center(NMC), Seoul, South Korea (Oct. 2018)
'Fake News Workshop', 2018 UN Internet Governance Forum at UNESCO, Paris, France
▪ " Would you trust Artificial Intelligence? " AI Lecture Series, Institution for Digital Human Rights, Seoul (Dec.2017)
'Net Neuteality in the new ICT Ecosystem : OTT Service and Zero-rating' Open Net Korea, Seoul

'COVID-19 Contact Tracing and Data Retention' MediaUs (Sept.2020)
'Fake News Session', 2018 Internet Governance Forum report, Geneva Internet Platform (Nov.2018)
'AI becomes smarter…Is it a simple machine or artificial person?', Dong-a Ilbo (Feb.2017)
'Blockchain Platform, Hacking, and Security' Boan News (Sept.2017)
'Blockchain Paradigm:Information Security and Governance' ZDNet Korea (Sept.2017)
'The Economics of Zero-rating: Why Free Mobile Data Matters?', Startup Alliance, Seoul (Aug. 2015)

ICT Law and Policy, Political Economy of Technology & Intellectual Property
Data Governance, Data Privacy, Data Ownership
Data Ethics in relation to Automated Decision-making, Predictive Analytics
AI: Ethical and Legal Challenges (Governing AI), Accountability for Algorithm
Business Ethics for Ethical AI (AI Ethics Board)
The Power of Digital Platform, Platform Liability
Automated Content Moderation, Algorithmic Fair Use (Copyright)
Internet Infrastructure, Cybersecurity Norms
Digital Public Sphere for Democracy, Algorithmic Activism
Pharmaceutical Patents and Global Health Inequality: Access to Medicines
The Cultural History of Law, Science, and Technology